A Multi-Vocal Review of Security Orchestration

Journal: ACM Computing Survey

Authors: Chadni Islam, Muhammad Ali Babar and Surya Nepal.

Year: 2019

Abstract: Organizations use diverse types of security solutions to prevent cyber-attacks. Multiple vendors provide security solutions developed using heterogeneous technologies and paradigms. Hence, it is a challenging rather impossible to easily make security solutions to work an integrated fashion. Security orchestration aims at smoothly integrating multivendor security tools that can effectively and efficiently interoperate to support security staff of a Security Operation Centre (SOC). Given the increasing role and importance of security orchestration, there has been an increasing amount of literature on different aspects of security orchestration solutions. However, there has been no effort to systematically review and analyze the reported solutions.

We report a Multivocal Literature Review that has systematically selected and reviewed both academic and grey (blogs, web pages, white papers) literature on different aspects of security orchestration published from January 2007 until July 2017. The review has enabled us to provide a working definition of security orchestration and classify the main functionalities of security orchestration into three main areas – unification, orchestration, and automation. We have also identified the core components of a security orchestration platform and categorized the drivers of security orchestration based on technical and socio-technical aspects. We also provide a taxonomy of security orchestration based on the execution environment, automation strategy, deployment type, mode of task and resource type. This review has helped us to reveal several areas of further research and development in security orchestration.

Published version: https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/3305268


Cite as: Chadni Islam, Muhammad Ali Babar, and Surya Nepal. 2019. A Multi-Vocal Review of Security Orchestration. ACM Computing Survey. (CSUR) Vol 52, Issue 2, Article 37 (April 2019), 45 pages. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1145/3305268.

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